Wet Process

WET scrubber

In wet flue gas treatment processes (wet scrubbers) designed for acid gas removal, the flue gas is cooled down via water evaporation below acid dew points (122 –158 °F). Flue gas then passes through a scrubbing liquid. This can be water or an alkaline solution. The acidic gas components are dissolved in the scrubbing liquid and neutralized through a reaction with the alkaline sorbent. Depending on their water solubility, reaction products either remain dissolved in the scrubber liquid (mainly calcium chlorides) or they precipitate as solids (calcium sulfite CaSO3 and calcium sulfate CaSO4).

Lhoist solution

We provide calcium sorbents in a variety of qualities and particle size distributions tailored to your wet scrubbing process equipment. Limestone (CaCO3) sorbents are of high purity and high whiteness, thus maximizing the value of the gypsum byproduct in forced oxidation systems.


Wet scrubbers are very effective for acid gas removal. They offer very high (> 99%) removal rates for HCl, HF and SO2, with the lowest possible sorbent consumption. They also require a high capital investment, as well as effluent treatment before final discharge. The ability to use economically favorable limestone (CaCO3) makes this process widely used, especially for larger units where constant quality and security of supply are critical. With its extensive network of plants located on high-purity limestone deposits and its expertise in supply chain management, Lhoist is the ideal partner for this type of FGT process. Because wet scrubbers do not remove SO3 efficiently, combined processes with DSI for SO3 reduction may be needed.

Discover the optimum solution for your process and facility by contacting our experts.